Child Issues

10 Important Questions in Custody Case Every Judge Asks Kids

A child custody case is one of the most complicated and emotional law proceedings. The child is at the crossroads. He has to decide which way he has to go. Most of the children need to be made aware of questions in custody case.  The questions a judge usually asks include topics like living arrangements, relationships with parents and siblings, school and social life, daily routines, and emotional well-being.

It is through these questions in custody case that the judges get an insight into a child’s life and come up with the best possible conclusion. The judge’s ultimate decision ensures that the child suffers the least. It depends on the children’s testimony. If your child is about to appear for parental custody, it is better to help your child prepare psychologically before he actually appears. Check below for help regarding questions in custody case that your child may come across.

What Role Can a Judge Play in Child Custody Cases?

Questions in custody case

A judge plays a key role in handling child custody cases. He is the one who makes the final decision. The judges have to listen to the views of both parents and then, after considering all aspects of the child’s well-being, make future arrangements. The judge must see what is the best possible solution for the child.

How do Judges Determine the Best Interests of the Child?

In order to determine the best interests of the child, the judges look into several factors. Here is what they try to investigate while questioning the kids:

  • The child’s relationship with each of the parents.
  • The ability of the parents to take care of the children.
  • Overall home environment
  • Child’s school and social life
  • Individual preferences of each child.

After considering all these factors, the judge makes the decision that is just right for the child. The decision ensures that the best choice is made for the child’s overall development and happiness.

How Do Judges Decide the Questions?

The questions in custody case put forth by the judge are tailored after considering a number of factors. Here are some factors that are kept in mind before making the questions are as follows:

  • Child’s age
  • Maturity level
  • Ability to express themselves.

The child will respond to these questions in custody case if they are created and then presented before the child in a friendly and easy manner.

Types of Child Custody Questions

While talking to the kids, the judge generally asks questions under the following categories:

Living Standards

The first category of the questions is about where and how the child lives. The judge will ask questions to know how the child feels while being there. In this category, the common questions in custody case include

  • Where do you feel most comfortable?
  • Who do you like living with the most?

Relationship with Parents

The decision of custody depends on the relationship with the parents. The feelings the child has towards one or both of the parents influence the final decision. The judge in this regard may ask:

  • How do you get along with your mom and dad?
  • Do you enjoy spending time with your brother or sister?

The answers to these questions in custody case give an insight into the family dynamics and the kind of relationship the child has towards his family members.

Life Outside the School

School and friends make an important part of the child’s life. It is their home outside the home. They interact, learn and then react accordingly. Most of the questions in this category include

  • How is school going?
  • Do you have friends you like to spend time with?

These questions let the judge understand his behaviour outside the home and how well he interacts with the people around him.

Daily Activities

The decision depends not just on life at home but also on the child’s routine. Under this category, the questions in custody case included may highlight his activities beyond school, along with his hobbies and extracurricular activities. They will give insight into how the child spends his time and what he enjoys the most.

Emotional Stability

In a splitting family, when the parents have decided to part ways, the most important thing is the child’s emotional well-being. Looking at his parents in a miserable condition is not easy to deal with. It is for this reason that the judge would ask the child how he feels and whose presence is the most comforting for him. The answers to the questions in custody case in this category will let the judge decide which is the right choice for the child to stay with. The questions under these categories make it easier for the judges to conclude successfully and make a decision that will help the child in the best possible ways so that he suffers the least.

10 Common Questions in Custody Case

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As discussed in the previous section, here are some of the specific questions in custody case that the judges ask the child in the custody related case:

  1. Where do you feel most comfortable?
  2. Who takes care of you the most?
  3. How do you get along with your mom/dad?
  4. What activities do you do together?
  5. How is school going?
  6. Do you have friends you like to spend time with?
  7. Can you tell me about your daily routine?
  8. What do you like to do after school?
  9. How do you feel at mom’s/dad’s house?
  10. What makes you feel scared or unhappy?

These questions unlock the door to the needs and requirements of the young mind. They reveal what is missing in his life and what he really wants. They provide an insight into his life and expectations and make it easy to understand his concerns.

How to Prepare Your Child for a Custody Hearing?

It is not easy for a child who is already experiencing an emotional breakdown to appear before the court and answer the questions. It is, therefore, very important for the parents to take this matter seriously and get him ready before he actually appears before the judge in the courtroom.

Here are a few things you need to talk about with your child before he visits the court. Making him understand these will resolve the communication problems and allow the child to express himself with ease.

Don’t Hide Anything

Make sure that you are open to your child. Do not make it a secret or a mystery. He must feel at ease knowing that it is okay to be there before the court. Encourage him to be honest and open before the court. He must know that he has to be clear and truthful.

Help Him Fight the Stress

The child might feel anxious while speaking out in court. Build confidence in the judge by telling him he is there to help him out. Be supportive and help him learn how to overcome anxiety or stress, such as teaching him breathing exercises.

Switch to Role-Playing Techniques

It is considered the best way to prepare the child for court events. Pretend as if you are a judge and help him practice the courtroom sessions. You can find and play some videos of similar court proceedings available online to help him understand the happenings. Preparing your kids for court means training them to be honest, truthful, communicative, and confident. The more they work this way, the better their results will be. Their appearance is not just a presence; it can change the entire scenario for the child. Make sure you train your child well so he is not unheard in the courtroom.

What are the Legal and Ethical Considerations for the Judges?

In child custody cases, just like the parents have to take care of the pre-session preparations, the judges have to observe certain conditions, too. They include the legal and the ethical considerations. The judges have to make sure that they proceed ahead ethically as suggested by the law. Following the ethical and legal rules ensures that the young one standing and waiting for the future settlement is at ease. The judges are trained in such a way that they act like a mentor and huge support over there in the seat. He is not there to force, but actually, he has to encourage the child.

Here are some of the ethical considerations to keep in mind:

  • The judge has to be very careful about the emotional well-being of the child.
  • The questions in custody case must be according to his age and understanding.
  • The judge has to create conditions where he can get the best information without actually scaring the child.
  • It is important to follow the child protection law strictly, which ensures that the child is duly respected.
  • If the situation is too complex, then getting the help of a child counsellor or a child psychologist is equally important. They can assist the judges in better understanding the child and his existing status.

The purpose of the legal and ethical framework in custody cases is to protect children and ensure their voices are heard in the best possible way.


In child custody cases, judges have to get maximum knowledge about the child and the challenges that he is facing. It is through the questions in custody case related to living arrangements, relationships, and daily routines that he gets an insight and then makes the decision about the future custodian of the child. Before the child appears before the court, it is important for the parents to make sure that their child is fully prepared. It will help him overcome the court anxiety and stress.

FAQ Section

What are three factors that would be taken into consideration in a child custody case?

Judges, after analyzing and asking important questions in custody case , consider the child’s needs, the parent’s ability to meet those needs, and the child’s relationship with each parent. These three factors determine the future decision.

What is the best interest of the child?

The best interest of the child is that he is in safe hands and stays happy and healthy.

What age can a child choose which parent to live with in Michigan?

In Michigan, there is no specific age. Judges may consider the child’s preference if the child is old enough to express a reasoned choice, usually around age 12 or older.

How do you show the court you are a good parent?

In the eyes of the court, the good parent is the one who meets the needs of the children and can ensure that a safe and loving home is provided.

How long do most custody battles last?

The court hearing period is not fixed. It can be from a month to a year, depending on the complexity of the case.

How stressful is a custody battle?

Custody battles are very stressful. They involve emotional and financial strain. It’s important to seek support from family, friends, or a counsellor.

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